Advances in Space Science and Technology 9 - download pdf or read online

By Frederick I. Ordway (ed.)

ISBN-10: 1483199673

ISBN-13: 9781483199672

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Extra info for Advances in Space Science and Technology 9

Sample text

Basic cellular processes, therefore, can be subjected meaningfully to any stress condition, but more highly elaborated multicellular functions such as respiratory mechanics can be most intelligently examined in relation to atmospheric factors. On the other hand, when one reaches the most advanced levels of biological function, those of the human forebrain, again, virtually any departure from the norm can generate stress and modify performance. ELEMENTS OF SPACE BIOLOGY TABLE XIV. 37 SELECTION OF EXPERIMENTAL MATERIALS BASED ON PROCESS Process or function Examples of suitable organisms Relevant stress or environmental factors Photosynthesis Any Flight Bacteria, algae, vascular plants Any Worms, insects, spiders, fish, land vertebrates Insects, birds Locomotion Land animals Vision Insects, fish, mammals Immunity to bacteria Mammals, man Cellular respiration Respiratory mechanics Any Atmospheric 0 2 , C 0 2 , water, total pressure Atmospheric pressure and density, 0 2 , C 0 2 Atmospheric pressure, gravitation, 0 2 , C 0 2 Spectral energy level and distribution Radiation, toxicants Processes appear to provide a good subject upon which to base biological selection insofar as it is feasible to examine many processes in a single type of organism.

Indeed, one useful index of cell tissue damage is stain affinity, but care must be exercised to use the proper stain with the proper tissue (Table XIX). TABLE XIX. INDICES OF CELLULAR DAMAGE: DYES Dyes Subject (stain when abnormal) Nigrosin, trypan blue Hematoxylin Human cells, yeast cells Lichen thalli Enzymological "staining" can be used readily in a number of cases [6] (Table XX). TABLE XX. -glucosidase Phenol Laccase H-transport (many) tetrazolium salts Response 0 2 bubbles Color + phenol rgt.

SIEGEL 2. INTERPLANETARY CONDITIONS Broadly, the entire volume of space within the Solar System lying beyond the denser atmosphere and condensible gases, say over 50 mi altitude, and extending to the atmosphere of other planetary bodies can be designated as interplanetary. For present purposes the Moon will be treated as an exceptionally barren-appearing planetary body. The natural interplanetary region then consists of (1) interplanetary space and (2) the asteroids and other bodies in space. To these may be added (3) unmanned and manned space vehicles.

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Advances in Space Science and Technology 9 by Frederick I. Ordway (ed.)

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